We explore the modular representation theory of affine and cyclotomic Yokonuma-Hecke algebras.We provide an equivalence between the category of finite dimensional representations of the affine (resp. cyclotomic) Yokonuma-Hecke algebra and that of an algebra which is a direct sum of tensor products of affine Hecke algebras of type A (resp. Ariki-Koike algebras). As one of the applications, the irreducible representations of affine and cyclotomic Yokonuma-Hecke algebras are classified over an algebraically closed field of characteristic p. Secondly, the modular branching rules for these algebras are obtained; moreover, the resulting modular branching graphs for cyclotomic Yokonuma-Hecke algebras are identified with crystal graphs of irreducible integrable representations of affine Lie algebras of type A. This is a joint work with Weideng Cui.